How to Become a Government Teacher in India Step by Step Process

There is a lot of importance of education in India and a lot of respect is given to the teachers of our country in the society. Government teachers play a very important role in providing quality education in India. Many people are interested to become a government teacher who have passion in teaching and want to make a difference in the lives of young people.

This article in we eligibility criteria, types of government teaching jobs available, steps to becoming a government teacher, salary and benefits, as well as the challenges faced by government teachers

Eligibility Criteria to Become a Government Teacher in India

To become a government teacher in India, there are certain eligibility criteria that one must meet. These requirements vary slightly by state or region, but generally they include:

  1. Academic qualifications: Candidates must possess bachelor’s degree in education (B.Ed.) or first two-year diploma in elementary education (D.El.Ed). Apart from this, candidates who want to do teaching should complete bachelor’s or master’s degree.
  2. Age limit: The minimum age limit for becoming a government teacher is 18 years, and the maximum age limit is between 40-45 years, depending on the state or region.
  3. Nationality and citizenship requirements: Candidates are required to be Indian citizens and those who do not have to complete their education from recognized institutions.
  4. Other necessary qualifications: Candidates are required to clear the Teacher Eligibility Test (TET), which is conducted by the state or central government. Teaching Methodology, Subject Content and General Awareness of the candidate is tested in Tet. Candidates also need to have good communication skills and passion in teaching.

Keep in mind that different states of India have different eligibility criteria for government teachers. Candidates must check the eligibility requirements of their desired state before applying for the teaching job.

Types of Government Teaching Jobs in India

There are several types of government teaching jobs in India, such as:

  1. Primary school teacher: Primary school teachers work with young children, whose age ranges from 6 to 12 years. Their job is to teach basic subjects like Mathematics, Science, and Language Arts.
  2. Secondary school teacher: Secondary school teachers work with students whose age ranges from 13 to 18 years. They teach a specific subject, such as mathematics, science, social studies, or language arts.
  3. Higher education professor: Professors in higher education institutions such as universities and colleges teach various subjects in undergraduate and graduate-level courses. His work is also done by conducting research and publishing academic papers.
  4. Specialized teaching positions: Special education, physical education, music, art, and foreign languages In such fields specialized teaching positions are available.

Eligibility criteria and qualifications for each type of teaching job may vary according to the state and educational institution.

Steps to Becoming a Government Teacher in India

There are some steps to become a government teacher in India, which must be followed. These steps include:

  1. Necessary academic qualifications to be obtained: Candidates must possess required academic qualifications for their desired teaching position. For example, primary school teachers have been banned for B.Ed. or D.El.Ed. degree is required, To teach at the scene college level, the candidates must have a postgraduate degree in the relevant subject.
  2. Teacher Eligibility Test (TET) clear: TET is a mandatory exam, Which candidates are required to do to be eligible for teaching positions in government schools. TET candidate’s teaching methodology, subject content and general awareness test is done.
  3. To apply for teaching jobs through state and central government agencies: Candidates can apply through state and central government agencies such as State Public Service Commission (SPSC), Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS), and Navodaya You Can Apply for Teaching Jobs Through Vidyalaya Samiti (Navs).
  4. Deal with the selection process, which includes written tests and interviews Keep one thing in mind that the selection process for government teaching jobs in India is very competitive, and candidates need to do thorough preparation to increase their success chances.

Salary and Benefits of Government Teachers in India

In India, government teachers are offered competitive salary and range of benefits. Exact salary and benefits may vary by state or region, as does the teaching position level. Here are some common salary and benefits offered to government teachers:

  1. Salary: The salary of government teachers is decided by the Pay Commission of the state or central government. Generally, the starting salary of primary school teachers is around Rs. 20,000 per month, while secondary school teachers up to Rs. 50,000 per month can be earned. Professors of colleges and universities can earn even higher salaries.
  2. Pension and retirement benefits: Government teachers are eligible for pension and retirement benefits, which provide financial security after retirement.
  3. Medical benefits: Government teachers and their families are eligible for medical benefits, which include hospitalization, medical treatment, and coverage of medications.
  4. Housing allowance: Government teachers are eligible for housing allowance, which helps in covering the housing cost.
  5. Leave benefits: Government teachers are entitled to leave benefits like sick leave, maternity leave, and vacation leave.
  6. Job security: Government teachers enjoy job security, because they are employed by the state or central government and there is no risk of layoffs or termination.

Overall, the salary and benefits offered to teachers in India are attractive and make it a highly sought-after career choice.

Challenges Faced by Government Teachers in India

In India, teachers are offered attractive salary and benefits by the government, but they also face some challenges, such as:

  1. High workload and job stress: Government teachers in India often face high workload because of large class sizes and limited resources. This increases the chances of increased stress levels and burnout.
  2. Lack of resources and facilities in government schools: Many government schools in India suffer from lack of basic resources and facilities, such as textbooks, computers, and adequate classroom space. It is challenging for teachers to provide quality education.
  3. Dealing with bureaucracy and red tape: Government teachers have to navigate India’s complex bureaucratic system, which can be time-consuming and frustrating. This can distract valuable time from teaching and lesson planning.
  4. Low motivation and discipline among students: Many students in government schools lack motivation and discipline, which makes it challenging for teachers to maintain effective learning environment.
  5. Limited opportunities for professional development: Government teachers can get limited opportunities for professional development in India, because they are up-to-date with the latest teaching methods and technologies.

Despite these challenges, many government teachers in India are committed to providing quality education to their students and creating a positive impact in their communities.


We can say that government teacher in India is a rewarding career choice, because of which competitive salary and benefits package are offered. But there are also challenges, such as high workload and limited resources in government schools.

To become a government teacher in India, candidates have to meet the necessary eligibility criteria, clear TET, and deal with the competitive selection process. Despite the challenges, government teachers in India play a critical role in providing quality education to students across the country, and their contributions are highly valued.

Leave a Comment

Stay informed about the latest government job updates with our Sarkari Job Update website. We provide timely and accurate information on upcoming government job vacancies, application deadlines, exam schedules, and more.


Category 1

Category 2

Category 3

Category 4

Category 5

Site Links

About Us

Conatct Us


Privacy Policy